Articles Posted in the " JLPT N3 Grammer " Category

  • ~はずです supposed to be 

    ~はずです supposed to be 

    ~はずです supposed to be   How to make"supposed to be …." in Japanese.   ・ Meaning :I am glad that … ・ JLPT Level: 3 ・ Category: grammar You can use "~はずです" when you want to say "supposed to be  …". The patterns is below: Short form+はずです。 conjugation verb short form+はずです くるはずです いadjective short form+はずです さむいはずです なadjective +なはずです/+だったはずです じょうずなはずです/じょうずだったはずです noun +のはずです/+だったはずです ふうふのはずです/ふうふだったはずです  Examples of sentense 今日は休日なので市役所は閉まっているはずです。 City office must be closed becasue today is holiday. You need a audio tag supported browser 夏休みに佐藤さんは旅行にいかなかったはずです。 I believe that Sato-san didn’t travel last summer vacation.. You need a audio tag supported browser 明日は晴れるはずです。 Tomorrow should be sunny. You need a audio tag supported browser  


  • ~かどうか whether~

    ~かどうか whether~

    ~かどうか whether~  How to make"without doing something." in Japanese.   ・ Meaning :whether/when ・ JLPT Level: 3 ・ Category: grammar You can use "~かどうか" when you want to say "whether~.". Yes/ no question + かどうかわかりません =  I dont know whether … The patterns is below: Verb present short form+かどうか  Examples of sentense 私は来年日本にいるかどうかわかりません。 I dont know whether I will stay in Japan next year. You need a audio tag supported browser 彼が学生かどうか忘れました。 I dont remember whether he is a student or not You need a audio tag supported browser あした試験があるかどうかわかりません。 I dont know whether there will be a test tomorrow. You need a audio tag supported browser  


  • ~ておく ,do something in preparation for something

    ~ておく ,do something in preparation for something

    ~ておく ,do something in preparation for something  How to make preparation in Japanese.   ・ Meaning: do something in preparation for something ・ JLPT Level: 3 ・ Category: grammar You can use "~ておく" when you want to say " do something in preparation for something". Verb te form + おく means " an action perfromed in preparation for something, doing in advance for something. The patterns is below: てform +おく  Examples of sentense (明日試験だから)勉強しておく。 I will study ( for test). You need a audio tag supported browser 旅行のための新しいかばんを買っておく。 I will buy new bag for travel . You need a audio tag supported browser 家でパーティをするので準備をしておきます。 I will prepare for party. You need […]


  • ~てあげる ,do something for someone

    ~てあげる ,do something for someone

    ~てあげる ,do something for someone  How to make do something for you Forms in Japanese.   ・ Meaning: do something for you ・ JLPT Level: 3 ・ Category: grammar You can use "~てあげる" when you want to say "do something for you". Verb て form +あげる means, I do something for you, or someone does something for someone else. ( on demand, as a favor) The patterns is below: てform +あげる  Examples of sentense 手伝ってあげます。 I will help you ( as a favor) You need a audio tag supported browser あなたはまだ子供だから教えてあげます。 You are still child so I will teach you. You need a audio tag supported browser 私は田中さんにDVDをかしてあげます。 I will […]


  • ~といい ,I hope, I wish..

    ~といい ,I hope, I wish..

    ~といい ,I hope, I wish..  How to make I hope, I wish in Japanese.   ・ Meaning: I hope…, I wish… ・ JLPT Level: 3 ・ Category: grammar You can use "~といいです" when you want to say "I hope…, I wish…". Verb short form + to といいです means, I hope you do …( hope something happen nice). Verb short form + to といいんですが means, I hope something happen nice for myself . * these patterns cannot be used when things are under your control.  The patterns is below: Verb short form +といいです。 Verb short form +といいんですが。  Examples of sentense 早くよくなるといいですね。 I hope you get well soon You need a audio […]


  • ~みたいです looks like..

    ~みたいです looks like..

    ~みたいです looks like..  How to make" looks like someone" in Japanese.   ・ Meaning Looks like.. ・ JLPT Level: 3 ・ Category: grammar You can use "~みたい " when you want to say "Looks like someone". Meaning is ..something or somebody resembles, it seems… The patterns is below: Noun+みたいです:resemblance Verb (short form) +みたいです:appears to be the case Conjugation みたい(なadjective) resemblance/appears to be the case verb (けっこんするみたい)  It seems they will get married. いadjective (たかいみたい) It seems expensive. なadjecitve (しあわせみたい) It seems she is happy noun 日本人みたい It seems you are Japaense  Examples of sentense 僕の彼女は怪物みたい。 My girlfriend looks like a Monstar. You need a audio tag supported browser 彼女は結婚したみたい。 It seems […]


  • ~てしまう do something completely

    ~てしまう do something completely

    ~てしまう do something completely  How to make" do something completely, show regret." in Japanese.   ・ Meaning : do something completely. to regret ・ JLPT Level: 3 ・ Category: grammar You can use "~てしまう " when you want to say "do something completely, to regret". 1: do something completely, finish doing somethingm have finished doing completly. 2: sense of regret , to my regret. The patterns is below: てform+しまう ※contracted form: ~てしまう → ~ちゃう/~ちゃった ~でしまう → ~じゃう/~じゃった  Examples of sentense 宿題をやってしまいました。 I have finished doing homework. You need a audio tag supported browser ケン君が好きだったんですが結婚してしまいました。 I loved ken but regrettably he got married. You need a audio tag supported browser 鍵をなくしちゃった。 I’ve lost my key. […]


  • ~ばよかった should have done something

    ~ばよかった should have done something

    ~ばよかった should have done something  How to make" while~." in Japanese.   ・ Meaning :should have done something. ・ JLPT Level: 3 ・ Category: grammar You can use "~ばよかった " when you want to say " should have done something". conditonal form "ba" + yokatta = I should have done something The patterns is below: Verb conditional form+ばよかった  conjugation Group 2 verb stem+れば みます みれば Group 1 verb short formうstep→ えstep+ば いく いけば Irregular verb   する くる すれば くれば special polite verb   いらっしゃる  くださる いらっしゃれば  くだされば Negative drop final い, addければ たべない のまない しない こない いらっしゃらない  くださらない  たべなければ のまなければ しなければ こなければ いらっしゃらなければ  くださらなければ  Examples of sentense カサを借りればよかった。 I […]


  • ~くれてありがとう Expressing gratitude

    ~くれてありがとう Expressing gratitude

    ~くれてありがとう Expressing gratitude  How to make" Thank you for ~." in Japanese.   ・ Meaning :should have done something. ・ JLPT Level: 3 ・ Category: grammar You can use "~くれてありがとう" when you want to say "Thank you for ..". The patterns is below: Verb て form+くれてありがとう  Examples of sentense 手伝ってくれてありがとう。 Thanks for helping me. You need a audio tag supported browser 教えてくれてありがとう。 Thanks for teaching me . You need a audio tag supported browser 付き合ってくれてありがとう Thank you for dating with me.. You need a audio tag supported browser  


  • ~てよかったです I am glad that …

    ~てよかったです I am glad that …

    ~てよかったです I am glad that …  How to make"I am glad that …." in Japanese.   ・ Meaning :I am glad that … ・ JLPT Level: 3 ・ Category: grammar You can use "~てよかったです" when you want to say "I am glad that …". The patterns is below: Verb て form+よかったです  Examples of sentense 日本に来てよかったです。 I am glad that I came to Japan . You need a audio tag supported browser あなたが元気になったよかった。 I am glad that you got well. You need a audio tag supported browser きのうのパーティに行かなくてよかったです。 I am glad that I didn’t go yo the party yesterday.. You need a audio tag supported browser