Lesson10:~んです ~ndesu /Explaination form

Lesson10:~んです ~ndesu /Explaination form



Audio

Dialog

男:明日から中国に行くんです。
女:仕事ですか?
男:いいえ、遊びに行くんです。
女:いいですね。一人でですか?
男:はい。でも中国に私の恋人がいるんです。
女:なるほど。

M:Ashita kara chuugoku ni ikun desu.
F:Shigoto desu ka?
M:Iie,asobi ni ikundesu.
F:Iidesu ne.Hitoiri de desu ka?
M:Hai.Demo chuugoku ni watashi no koibito ga irundesu.
F:Naruhodo.

M:I’m going to China from tomorrow.
F:For work?
M:No. I will go for fun.
F:That’s good. Are you by yourself?
M:Yes,but I have my girlfriend in China.
F: I see.

Grammar explaination

You can use ~んです when you want to say ” the mode of explaining things.”

■The patterns is below:

Verb short form + ndesu

the mode of explaining things.

It accents the sentence’s content or softens a request or an order. It may be also said as “~のです”. With -na adjectives and nouns it becomes “~なのです”.

Example sentences

明日日本に行くんです。Ashita nihon ni iku ndesu
I will go to Japan ( so I bought new suits case etc)

電車が遅れたんです。Densha ga okureta ndesu
Train delayed ( so I came here late)

テニスはするんですか? Tennis wa surun desu ka?
Do you play tennis? (at all, not right now)

Vocabularies

仕事 shigoto(work)

遊びに行く asobi ni iku(to hang out)

恋人 koibito(lover)

Keep up with your studies!

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