Lesson9:~なくちゃいけない /~nakucha ikenai/I have to../I must do something.

Lesson9:~なくちゃいけない /~nakucha ikenai/I have to../I must do something.



Audio

Dialog

男:今日中にこの書類を提出しなくちゃいけないんです。
女:大変ですね。
男:あと、帰りにアルバイトにいかなくちゃいけないし。
女:忙しいですね
男:でも充実していて楽しいです。

M:Kyoju ni kono shorui wo teishutsu shinakucha ikenain desu.
F:Taihen desu ne.
M:Ato,kaeri ni arubaito ni ikanakucha ikenaishi.
F:Isogashii desu ne.
M:Demo juujitsu shiteite tanoshii desu.

M:We have to submit this document in today .
F:That’s tough, isn’t it.
M:And moreover, I have to do part time job after.
F:You are so busy.
M:But I enjoy my life.

Grammar explaination

You can use ~なくちゃいけない when you want to say “say necessary to do something, must, have to do.”

■The patterns is below:

Verb negative stem + ku cha ikenai

It means that something has to be done (lit: it’s bad not to do it).

Example sentences

たくさん勉強をしなくちゃいけません。Takusan benkyo wo shinakucha ikemasen.
I have to study a lot.

6時に起きなくちゃいけません。6 ji ni okinakucha ikemasen.
I must wake up at 6 am.

あなたは宿題を終わらせなくちゃいけない。 Anata wa shukudai wo owarasenakucha ikenai.
You have to finish your homework. (It’s not good for you to not finish your homework.)

Vocabularies

書類 shorui(paper document)

提出する teishutsu suru(to submit)

アルバイト arubaito(parttime job)

Keep up with your studies!

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